32.4 Propositions et conseils

En français aussi bien qu' en anglais, on peut faire des propositions ou donner des conseils sous a forme d' une question ce qui est plus courtois que la forme affirmative. C' est encore plus gentil, si on utilise le subjonctif ou si on utilise la forme négative. Le tableau ci-dessous montre les verbes qui peuvent servir pour faire des propositions ou pour donner des conseils.

verbes formes afirmations
must affirmation You must come and visit us in our new home.
You simply must think of others, too.
shall question Shall we get you some help? Shall we have a party for your birthday?
should question
Shouldn't you try and solve the problem, before you go on holidays?
You should be honest to yourself first and then try to advise others.
can question
Can't we go to the movies tonight?
You can ask your teacher for some adivise, she might be able to help you.
could question
Could we have dinner at our favourite restaurant?
You still could apologise to her.
would question
Wouldn't it be advisable/wise/better/nicer etc. to do it this way?
I would prefer/advise/think it better to change plans.

Comme nous l' avons déjà vu dans les chapitres précédents, il est possible aussi de conseiller ou de proposer quelque chose avec un verbe plein.

formes Exemples
imperatif Let's go for dinner, shall we.
question avec 'Why' Why don't we go for a walk, the weather is so nice.
question avec 'What' What am I to do about this problem?
propositionconditionnelle 'if I were you' I would not go and buy a car with no money if I were you.
proposition conditionnelle 'if you ask me' If you ask me, I would go to the sea and just have a good time.
to advise He advised me to go to see a doctor.
The best thing is She said, the best thing was to go and ask.
had better You had better check the tires before going on a long trip with the car.


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